In hormone replacement therapy, estrogen and progesterone are given in either in form of pills, skin patches. Studies have proven that hormone therapy not only reduces the menopausal symptoms but also the risk of osteoporosis and increases the life span. Hormone Therapy can also be administered to a woman who has undergone the hysterectomy. However, the only estrogen is prescribed for them. For decades both men and women have used this therapy.
There are basically two types of therapy – estrogen and progestogen-estrogen therapy.
In estrogen therapy, a low dose of estrogen is prescribed to prevent or relieve the symptoms of menopause.
While in the progestogen-estrogen therapy, combined doses of estrogen and progesterone are given. Progesterone is given in the synthetic form under the name progestin. This therapy is administered for a couple of weeks every month. For more knowledge about hormones you can also look innovativewomens.com/benefits-of-hormone-replacement-therapy/.
The start of menopause, the hormone levels reduce and as a result there is an increased craving for sugar or for food rich in sugar. As one nears menopause the body produces less estrogen and the body starts using the estrogen stored in fat cells. At the same time, the level of testosterone declines to lead to the reduction of lean muscles. Lean muscles help in burning fat. When there is a decline in the lean muscles fat is accumulated leading to weight gain. This weight gain is due to the hormone imbalances and it is very difficult to shed the weight gained at the time of menopause.